Total Pageviews

Thursday, August 18, 2022

Academic Support

"There is no ability without eligibility."

Support player learning as part of our culture. How?

1. "Read. Read. Read. Read. Read." - Werner Herzog  

Reading exposes us to new people and ideas. Reading bakes in curiosity. Share with players what we're reading and where reading has taken you. Make reading the norm. 

2. Set high expectations. 

Family. School. Basketball. Dawn Staley shared that she performed well in class at Virginia when she embraced the message that academics needed the same commitment as basketball. Don't accept the "dumb jock" stereotype for yourself or your team. Set "honor roll" grades as a priority. 

3. Learn how to learn. 

Formal free courses such as Coursera's "Learning How to Learn" help. Carve out "thinking time" as part of your day.

  • Pomodoro method - build in short study breaks, 25 minutes on, 5 off
  • Spaced repetition - study the same material at intervals
  • Self-testing - what did I learn from this chapter, book, lecture? 
4. Chunking. 

Themes recur in knowledge and in basketball. 

Big words come from little ones. "Great offense comes from multiple actions." Chessmasters see the board as groups of pieces or chunks. 

When players engage "small-sided games," they see multiple opportunities, the "poetry" of the game. 

"To see a world in a grain of sand,
And a heav'n in a wild flower.
Hold infinity in the palm of your hand,
And eternity in an hour."
                             - William Blake

5. Analogies. 

Unrelated domains share similar concepts. The spelling and chess examples above use analogy. 

A coach spoke of watching, "high octane basketball." The meaning was clear. 

A Coach Carril obituary linked him to a musical conductor. 

Some called Coach Bob Knight, "the General" for his hard-nosed, authoritarian style. 

Martial arts master Bruce Lee encouraged students to "be water." 

Learn to play at different speeds with different styles. 

6. Study with breadth. 

Playing for different coaches with differing styles and substance is part of The Education of a Coach and playing education. 

There's value to Range as informed by David Epstein. "The professed necessity of hyperspecialization forms the core of a vast, successful, and sometimes well-meaning marketing machine, in sports and beyond. In reality, the Roger (Federer) path to sports stardom is far more prevalent than the Tiger path, but those athletes’ stories are much more quietly told if they are told at all."

7. Take handwritten notes. Most people 'think' that handwritten notes are better. Now an academic study confirms writing notes are better than digital ones. 

Teaching players critical thinking forges better players and more productive adults. 

Lagniappe (something extra). Learning reveals truth and beauty.

Lagniappe 2. 

Lagniappe 3. Obradovic! 

Lagniappe 4. From Dan Pink in Drive

  • Mastery is a mindset. (Carol Dweck)
  • Mastery is a pain. (Consider military academy training)
  • Mastery is an asymptote. (Make achieving our best a quest.)


Wednesday, August 17, 2022

That’s Not My Point Guard (And That's My Point Guard)

Prototyping translates design into reality. I believe that training point guards creates formidable challenges.  

Invert from "that's not my point guard." 

1. "She needs more game understanding and experience." The ideal point guard has skills of vision, decision, and execution. She sees the floor, makes quality decisions, and delivers the routine passes on time and on target. She understands the risk-benefit ratio of good possessions. 

2. "She puts her needs above the team's." The point guard is often the coach on the floor. She leads by example and often verbally. She gets everyone involved. She brings energy to the court and energizes the players around her. 

3. "She's a turnover machine." Bill Belichick talks about ability and durability. Those sum to reliability. Turnovers kill coaches. Turnovers equal zero points/possession and live ball turnovers turn into high quality opponent possessions. Again and again, we heard, "the ball is gold." 

4. "She can't make free throws." With the game on the line, the point guard has the ball in her hands. For the excellent team in the postseason, the stakes get raised. That translates into more fouls and trips to the line. Teach a mindset of "excitement" not nervousness. You get to go to the line in a big game. That's fantastic!

5. "She's about the scorebook not the scoreboard." I don't want "Night at the Opera" players... me-me-me. Turn off the mental clock that says 'my turn'. And beware the player whose primary idea of a good shot is their shot.

6. "She only plays one end of the court." The point guard often calls the defense, leads the communication, and relishes the challenge of containing the ball and disrupting an opponent's offense. I recall watching a game which determined a league championship. A defensive-minded point guard completely stymied her counterpart and was the key factor in a double digit win despite scoring only three points. Her dominant defensive performance spearheaded victory.  

7. "She can't handle pressure." The point guard recognizes pressure and relieves it. She's the valve on a pressure cooker that optimizes pressure and temperature. She's a winner unafraid of the moment. 

How can we recognize our point guard?
  • Has ability and experience in vision, decision, and execution.
  • She puts the team first and gets everyone involved.
  • She is the coach on the floor. 
  • She takes care of the basketball. 
  • She puts the scoreboard ahead of the scorebook.
  • She makes free throws in crunch time. 
  • She has defensive skill and pride. 
  • She handles pressure. 
Lagniappe. What metrics describe player contribution? 

Lagniappe 2. She's gotta have it (core footwork).  

  • Ideally can execute off either foot. 
  • Quickness wins.
  • Protect the ball. 
  • Be an explosive athlete to finish. 
Lagniappe 3. The best video I've seen on developing young guards.

Tuesday, August 16, 2022

Six Word Stories (Plus Floaters)

"For sale: baby shoes, never worn." 

Hemingway gets credit for the six-word-story challenge. Shakespeare wrote, "Brevity is the soul of wit." Perhaps that inspired Hemingway. 

Examples abound, positive and negative. Lincoln apologized for a letter, because he didn't have time to make it shorter. 

Say more with less. A woman challenged Calvin Coolidge on a brevity bet. Coolidge answered, "You lose." Caesar translated, "I came, I saw, I conquered.

You know the African proverb, "When elephants fight, the grass suffers."

Build skill or ride the pine

The ball is tipped; it's on.

From losses to wins to champions.

Value the ball; share the ball.

Stay ready. Always. Seize your opportunity. 

Parents, playing time. Be the adult. 

Decisions. Be woodsy, like a fox.

Coaches change lives. Especially our own. 

Meyer: Passion. Unity. Servanthood. Humility. Thankfulness.

Why we play: teamwork, improvement, accountability. 

"I'm pleased but I'm not satisfied." 

Greatness loves work. Be the dog. 

Finale. There's no crying in basketball. 

Share vision; share suffering; share victory. 

Lagniappe. Excellent tutorial on floaters...not a part of my game back in the day. 

Lagniappe 2. Tips for writing the six-word story from MasterClass

Lagniappe 3. What's your story? 

Monday, August 15, 2022

"Malone". A Coach, Six Items, Survive and Advance.

"Survive and advance" in Malone. The network drops you into a remote location with a team of a dozen players matched with 15 others for size, athleticism, and skill. You have a dormitory, dining facility, an athletic complex with a basketball court and fitness training. There's a single elimination tournament in two months. 

In Alone it's shelter, fire, food. Rinse, repeat. In Malone you set the priorities. 

You get a well-paid assistant and six coaching items. You can't bring performance enhancing medication. Each player gets identical items. Each book counts as one item. 

Restated, what combination of coaching and training produces sustainable competitive advantage? Build skill, build TEAM, build resilience, and help build character and leadership. 

What's your practice schedule? 
  • Develop a "Plan for the Day" including published schedule
  • How much skill building? 
  • What percentage is shooting? 
  • How much scrimmaging? 
  • How many sessions a day? 
  • How much time off? 
  • How do we measure progress? 
  • How do we use classroom time to implement a program? 
  • How do you set up roommate groups? 
  • How does player leadership emerge? 
  • What is our feedback to measure progress?
  • How much do we practice 'situational basketball'? 
Assistant Coach. Do you want an established coach, fitness guru, basketball trainer, jack of all trades? 

Work to develop technical, tactical, physical, and psychological skill. I'd choose an elite skill trainer. Pick a Don Kelbick and get two-for-one as an experienced college coach. And I think we'd get along. Why not pick an elite college coach? Are they an elite developer or elite recruiter? Certainly coaches like Jay Wright and Geno Auriemma are both. Plus, I'd have to find someone who thinks I'm not a nutcase...a big ask. 

For the woodsman, "the axe is the tool of tools" and a fire rod is the second most critical tool. As coaches, our brain comes first. 

Items: think about the MUST, NEED, and WANT categories. I'm not taking a five-dollar whistle as a MUST in this context. 

1. Notebook (three-ring binder). The notebook comes with our program philosophy, drill book, quotes, and playbook. Writing carries an edge over typing and I want players to take notes. Top players maintain their notebook as learners.

2. Tablet. Players want and need access to family, the outside world, and the Internet. Plus we have our favorite basketball learning and teaching sites. 

3. Music system. I'd want something to interface with the sound system in the gymnasium. Music inspires, energizes, and provides "crowd noise" so players learn to communicate over the noise. 

4. Video system. Video is the 'truth machine'. Yes, players watch video on their tablets, but I want everyone to access the information together, ideally on a video board. Follow Anson Dorrance and show positive clips (mostly) and Doc Rivers' policy of no more than thirteen clips in a session. "This is who we are and how we do it..." identity and performance. 

5. Video channel subscription. "All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy." It's not the perfect team-building platform, but this isn't Parris Island Marine training center. Positive lives never emerge from negative experiences. After an evening meal, I'd want a team study session and an evening movie/show as a group. Films entertain, show struggle, evolution, and character... such as Hoosiers or Shackleton. 

6. Cellphone. I go back and forth. The negatives are the ultimate distraction. Players will play Candy Crush, be on the phones with their friends when we want them studying, and lose focus. But understand 'cultural literacy' as young people see phones as freedom and lifelines.

I won't argue that a fifteen year-old needs a jumprope over a cellphone. As great as many basketball and leadership books are, I can't say that any one exceeds technology value. Maybe the players would want "Beats" headphones. You can't always get what you want. 

"Gimmicky" won't be our calling card. Coach taught that you win with fundamentals not trickery. The Haka isn't gimmicky for the All-Blacks, it's integral to their identity and culture. The Haka would be inauthentic for us. 

Everyone defines what matters for them. For me, it has never been all about basketball or winning, but about character and seeking excellence. Winning becomes the byproduct of process transforming talent. What's right for you? Go for it. 

Lagniappe. Don Kelbick...

Lagniappe 2. Another Ido Singer BOB. 

Lagniappe 3. Don't get hung up on age. Coach John Wooden won his first championship at age 55. 


Sunday, August 14, 2022

Basketball Tics and Idiosyncrasies

Rolled up papers. Towel in the mouth. Throwing and smashing a clipboard. Slapping the floor on defense. 

Not tells, tics and idiosyncrasy. We all have them. The way we call for a timeout. How and where we stand during games. Trouble sitting on the bench? It would be easier to sit on a bed of nails. 

Our actions seldom bother us. But others' may. 

I dislike the "shirt in the mouth." You're not Kobe. Maybe he did it to avoid saying something he'd regret. Maybe it's petty of me. You're not Kobe.  

Don't disrespect officials by not handing them the ball. Don't slam the ball down. Don't put the ball on the floor and make the ref bend over. Don't throw the ball to the distant official. Whenever practical, hand the ball to the official.

Don't tell teammates after turnovers that "it's okay" or "don't worry about it." Yes, move on. But it's not okay. 

Coaches and authors abuse cliches and language. "We're on to Cincinnati" or "it's a marathon not a sprint." Pass the ball, score the ball, rebound the ball or pass, score, and rebound. 

Habits and idiosyncrasies...we all have them. 

Lagniappe (something extra). 

Five Leadership Lessons Learned in Five Decades in Medicine

Plumbers share their best story. A guy makes a late Friday night call for a blocked sink and broken disposer a decade ago. The on-call plumber arrives and the customer asks the repair cost. "I'm a contract worker and it's $225." "That's ridiculous. I'm a dentist and I don't make that kind of money." "Maybe you should have been a plumber..." 

Learn across domains. Car mechanics and plumbers acquire wisdom over a career. Serious study of the game advances your perspective and wisdom. Traffic in specifics

Inspire. Dr. Faith Fitzgerald visited Boston City Hospital from San Francisco in 1980 and discussed intravenous drug abuse. She explained types of drug abuse and even tattoos common among drug abusers, such as spider web tats where the forearm meets the upper arm. Capture our players' attention and imagination with what and how we teach

Explain cutting as craft with timing, "the ball as a camera," cutting urgently, and the off-ball screener is the second cutter. 

Mentor. Steve Kerr teaches mentors, mindset, and culture. Don't be a know-it-all; be a learn-it-all. Teach players to be curious. 

An early lesson I teach is, "the two best answers in medicine are "I don't know" and "That's a good idea, we should try that."" The smartest person we know has a fractional knowledge of the subject. Medical subspecialty classics like Peripheral Neuropathy are a bazillion pages long on a small area in Neurology.

We were doing a 'hard case' conference in 1985 about a patient with a chest aneurysm. As Chief Resident, I was running it. CAPT Bill Baker prepped me with a preprint of a textbook from Eve Slater, "Dissecting Hematoma of the Aorta." He didn't leave me hanging. "Mentoring is the only shortcut to excellence."

Cultivate a photographic memory for when you need it. 

"Handle it." Whether it was critical illness in the Bethesda Naval ICU or challenging HIV cases in the 1980s, CAPT Tom Walsh expected us to "handle it." Take care of business, whether it's family or academics if you want to play ball. When you're playing, transfer that "handle it" to your skill and will. "Handle it" was his Belichickian "Do your job." 

If you want to become the closer, then practice 'closing' moves during a small part of personal workouts 

"This is how we do it here." Know how and know that differ. It's the Yogi Berra version of, "In theory, there's no difference between theory and practice, but in practice, there is." Seek better ways to teach, drill, study, and execute. Dr. Russ Jeffery explained that you're either committed to teaching or caring for your patients as a private practitioner. And when push comes to shove, you'll abandon the teaching for the patient. When Belichick is asked about other teams or fantasy football, the answer redirects to "I'm only concerned about what it takes for us to win." That includes not only technical and tactical play, but the relationship psychology with players and coaches. 

Broadcaster George Stephanopolous says, "Tell them what you're going to to tell them, tell them, and tell them what you told them." 

"We only have so many silver bullets." Shortly before leaving the Navy I gave a 'Grand Rounds' presentation on sarcoidosis, an inflammatory disease that can affect almost any organ, most commonly the lung. Bill Russell had it. Pat Pazmino a kidney specialist, congratulated me and said, "even the Lone Ranger runs out of silver bullets." 

The time comes to move on. We lose our metaphorical fastball, our edge or motivation. Coaching allows us to share our knowledge, experience, and failures with young people and peers. 

Lagniappe. Constantly rebuilding teams aren't setting expectations high. 

  • What is our success plan?
  • Commit to playing "harder and longer" than opponents.
  • What price are you personally willing to pay? 
Lagniappe 2. "One More" pass creates open looks. 

 Players focused on the scorebook aren't making that 'sacrifice'. 

Saturday, August 13, 2022

Practical Advice to Rebounders

"Those who can, do; those who can't, teach." 

Sam, our best rebounder was unavailable. She'll be at Illinois as a player this fall. Before the game, I asked every player to get one more rebound and we'd win. The girls responded. Ask for more. 

Rebounding differential stands as one of Dean Oliver's "Four Factors." I believe that most rebounders are born not made, but teaching might help. As to the nature versus nature theory, I say find those who can. 

Let success succeed. If a player has big rebounding stats, be wary of unwinding success. There's a story of a player averaging thirteen rebounds whose coach told him to block out. His production plummeted. The coach told him to return to what worked. 

Some teach blocking out, others 'hit and get', and still others 'get the ball'. Some players get a few from "spinning off" opponents... I cannot find a reference. 

Magic formulas. There's no Holy Grail but these help.
  • Defensive boards - Positioning and toughness
  • Offensive boards - Anticipation and quickness
"Go to where the puck is going." Wayne Gretzky's father taught him to anticipate the play. Everyone knows that over two-thirds of rebounds go to the weak side. But everyone doesn't know that a significant number of corner shots bounce straight out (see below). 

Impact of three point shots. Studies of rebounds off three point misses inform rebounders. More offensive boards come off corner threes and more are snagged in the middle rebounding area (see diagrams). 

Block in
. Defensive rebounders get "trapped" close to the basket. Block them in to get an occasional rebound that goes over them. 

Know your edge. Zone defenses don't have defined rebounding individual assignments and some offensive rebounders capitalize.

Consider the possibilities. Two additional ways to get or keep possession are tap rebounds to a teammate or tap outs that teammates compete for. 

Lagniappe 2. Deception can be a big thing. 

Friday, August 12, 2022

Basketball Reality: Picking Up the Poops

Coaches make points with analogies. I ask the girls, "do any of you have dogs?" Hands fly. "Is it great to have a dog?" "Sure." "Is there anything not fun about having a dog?" "Picking up the poops."

Every job has poops. Don't like intense conditioning, blocking out, ball containment drills? It's the poops. 

Athletes have discipline to do what they don't like so they can enjoy the things they do. Sometimes it's delayed gratification and sometimes none. 

Winners embrace hard lessons. Sacrifice in "unseen hours" translates to results. 

Winners get past hardget past mad, get past sad. If it's easy, it probably doesn't help. 

Toughness is a skill. Fighting through screens, first to the floor, and owning 50-50 balls might be the poops for some. 

Make your attitude "get to" not "have to." 

A few drills where players "see" improvement. 

3 x 3 x 3 shooting conditions and tests skill and will.

Hoiberg 'speed drill' conditions and works transition.

Tufts' reverse layup drill practices alternative finishes off hard cuts. 

Coaches have our own battles, including but not limited to:
  • Fighting battles for resources including practice time
  • Offseason development participation
  • Distributing limited resources such as playing time, roles
  • Maintaining full engagement over time
  • Fostering productive relationships with parents 
Key points: 
  • Every job has 'the poops'. 
  • Discipline yourself to do whatever it takes. 
  • "Unseen hours" define you. 
  • "Easy" usually won't play. 
  • Embrace the tough stuff. 
  • Combine skill and conditioning drills. 

Lagniappe (something extra). BOB with screen-the-screener action. 

Lagniappe 2. What footwork works for you? Worth discovery. 

Lagniappe 3. From the formidable James Clear: 

Insurance executive and entrepreneur Art Williams on motivation: 

"Almost everybody can stay excited for 2 or 3 months. A few people can stay excited for 2 or 3 years. But a winner will stay excited for 30 years or however long it takes to win."

Source: "Just Do It"


Thursday, August 11, 2022

Seeking Your Next Job? Have a LOOKBOOK. Plus Daily Development

Prepping for a new coaching job? Have a LOOKBOOK, a short, emotional vision of coaching process.

Don't detail the entire program. Create a preview in 10-12 pages.

1. We make leaders. Our graduates go places

Victoria will become Dr. Victoria to our animal friends. 

2. We have our priorities straight




3. We develop players.

Above: 5 future All-League players, 2 League MVPs, 1 WNBA player from Melrose 2006 team. 

4. We teach players to SEE THE GAME.  

5. We keep our philosophy simple


"Basketball is sharing." - Phil Jackson

"Happiness begins where selfishness ends." - John Wooden

"Get more and better shots than opponents." - Pete Newell

"Get over yourself." - Gregg Popovich

6. We understand tension between individual excellence and team play. We don't preach OLD SCHOOL or NEW AGE. "You earn your paycheck" through your commitment and investment. 



7. We don't go back to basics. We never leave.

"Every day is player development day.

8. We care about INTANGIBLES

9. We don't make promises
  • Seniority isn't a rule. "This is not a union job." 
  • Sport is a meritocracy. 
  • "Repetitions make reputations." 
  • "Excellence is our only agenda." - Anson Dorrance
  • Do UNREQUIRED WORK to get DESIRED minutes.
10. We impact winning
  • Make the team and teammates better.
  • Being a great teammate is a choice. 
  • Toughness is a skill.
  • Hard work is a skill.
  • Positive energy is a skill. 
Lagniappe (something extra). Development moment...extended layups. 

Lagniappe 2. I teach, "Bigs away come back into play." 

Lagniappe 3. Work to improve and share with players. 


Wednesday, August 10, 2022

Basketball IQ: Print and Save Edition

Amos Tversky told a Nobel Laureate pontificating about everything at a party, “there’s nobody in the world as smart as you think you are.” - from The Undoing Project, by Michael Lewis

Coaches value Basketball IQ. That's nonspecific. Coach Kevin Sutton laid out his criteria

  1. having the ability to process information at game speed
  2. reading the flow of the game and determine if it needs to be changed
  3. the understanding of the importance of time and score
  4. the understanding of shot selection
  5. the understanding of his teammates strength’s and weaknesses
  6. knowing and developing an understanding of the scouting report/game plan
  7. developing a relationship with the coaching staff so to better understand the system
  8. knowing your opponents
  9. watching tapes of your team, of yourself, of the opposing team and the person you will defend
  10. listening to knowledgeable people, reading about the game, studying the game.
  11. having the ability to understand what was drawn/discussed in the timeout, execute it on the floor and being able to make the proper “basketball reads” if the play isn’t there. This is especially important in late game situations.

That's better than, "doing the right things at the right time." 

Book smarts and street smarts aren't court coequal. Know how beats know that. What matters is being effective. 

Apply IQ lessons from every domain. 

  • Einstein, “insanity is doing the same thing over and over and expecting a different result.”
  • Edison preached, "imagination, persistence, and analogies."
  • Use dissent. CEO Alfred Sloan didn't trust consensus. 
  • Emotional intelligence helps people “read the room.” 

From Psychology Today, "We are naturally drawn to a person with high EQ. We are comfortable and at ease with their easy rapport. It feels as though they can read social cues with superhuman ability. Perhaps they can even mind-read how other people feel to some extent. This effortlessness is welcome in all domains of life—at home, in social settings, and at work."

Specifically how might we train players? 

  • Situational practice includes time and score (e.g. tie score, ten seconds to go with possession, what's the plan?)
  • Three-possession games (O-D-O offense-defense-offense) beginning with BOB, SLOB, free throw, or ATO
  • Small-sided games (e.g. three-on-three inside the split)
  • Video study. What did you see and what choice did you make? 
  • Train focus. How many games are lost because of a costly turnover, a blown assignment, bad shot, or bad transition defense? As mindfulness was good enough for Jordan, Kobe, LeBron, and young stars, is it not good enough for us? 
Discuss situations every practice. 
  • Up one with the ball, 20 seconds left, what will opponents do?
  • Up one without the ball, 8 seconds left, what's our strategy?
  • Up three without the ball, 9 seconds left, to foul or not? 
  • Down 3, SLOB, 4 seconds left, what's our action?
Excellent teams win close games (e.g. two possessions and fewer) through skill, will, and focus, the ability to avoid critical mistakes. 

Lagniappe. Need a three. SLOB, Zipper entry, horns into double stagger. 

Lagniappe 2. Make the things we measure matter to outcomes. 

Lagniappe 3. Development moment. 

Tuesday, August 9, 2022

Coaching Crafts Memories

It's not a coin flip. Choose whom you want to become. Coaching and life share ups and downs. When Bill Belichick hears, "Belichick the genius," he replies "I've heard Belichick the idiot a lot."

Players make memories, the yin and the yang. Here are some vivid ones:

Be "That Girl." A player wanted to take responsibility for a loss. Bella hugged her, saying, "We win as a team and we lose as a team." Be the kind of person everyone values. 

How did it make you feel? A bullying episode occurred. An assistant coach quoted Maya Angelou to the players: 

Remember, these are children. 

Be worthy of the foxhole. Shannon was slight and probably 90 pounds soaking wet. There was a loose ball and she dived into the scrum near midcourt. She's the person I want in my foxhole. 

Be fierce. Victoria, now in veterinary school, was friendly, tough, and ferocious. "You can call me Victoria or Vic but not Vickie." She earned the name, V-Rex.

Flash athleticism. As an assistant, I made the last pick for our team. At tryouts, Sydney wasn't the tallest or the most skilled but the most athletic. She became one of our top two players, a scoring machine with defensive anticipation. She also played on a State Championship volleyball team.

Be excited. I never coached Naomi. Just before tryouts began, she came up to me saying, "Hi, my name is Naomi, and I'm REALLY excited to be here." Dang, girls, be excited to be here. 

Speak with nonverbals. Zoe made great eye contact. Stand tall, have a firm handshake, and swagger to show your best self, skills that follow you off the court. 

"Friends stab you in the front." - Oscar Wilde    Someone shares that a parent strongly disliked my coaching. I'd rather hear it directly with suggestions on how to improve. Years ago a mother approached me saying a parent complained her daughter wasn't learning anything. She said, "I go to all the practices and I learn a lot." 

Be memorable. I told a player she was great and I had nothing left to teach her, another coach could bring her forward. She answered, "You are a great coach." 

Key points:

  • Be "That Girl."
  • How did it make you feel?
  • Be worthy of the foxhole.
  • Be fierce. 
  • Be excited.
  • Be memorable.

Lagniappe (something extra). Triple threat versus rapid decision-making. 

Lagniappe 2. Cavaliers BOB.